This workshop will focus on the elements of educational theories and how they are used in, and may be applied to, TBL. The primary intended outcome is to enhance participants’ understanding of how and why TBL works as an instructional method. An understanding of educational theory surrounding TBL also provides a foundation for individuals interested in TBL research. The workshop will be delivered in TBL format and will focus on the theories of behaviorism, cognitivism, constructivism and their modern variations. Participants will be able to explain how learning occurs from the perspective of each of these theories. Application exercises will focus on how TBL components fit with these theories, and how TBL module design and facilitation strategies may use these theoretical approaches in order to enhance learning.